On February 26, 2013, Energy and Commerce Committee Ranking Member Henry A. Waxman and Rules Committee Ranking Member Louise M. Slaughter introduced H.R. 820, the Delivering Antimicrobial Transparency in Animals (DATA) Act. The DATA Act would amend the federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act to require sponsors of antimicrobial drugs to submit annual reports for each antimicrobial active ingredient in a drug that is sold or distributed for use in food-producing animals. The DATA Act would also require live poultry dealers, swine contractors, or feed lot operators who purchase, contract, or manufacture feed that contains a new animal drug to submit reports to FDA that detail, by food-producing animal, the amount of each microbial active ingredient contained in the feed and the quantity of feed sold or distributed for that animal.

In addition, the DATA Act would require the FDA to make publicly available summaries of the information it receives and to coordinate with the Department of Agriculture to expand and coordinate the collection of data on the use of antimicrobial drugs in food-producing animal species for use by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service and the Economic Research Service.